Myopia, also commonly known as near-sightedness, results in a person not being able to see distance objects without the use of glasses or contact lenses.
At this time it is believed that the cause of myopia ~70% genetic and ~30% environmental.
On average, children progress more rapidly when young, slowing in progression over time and eventually reaching a plateau. Average progression stats based on the age of myopia onset:
Early Onset (Age ~6) - refraction stabilizes by ~age 24
Typical Onset (Age ~8-10) - refraction stabilizes by ~age 15
Late Onset (Age ~14) - refraction stabilizes by ~age 16/17
The more myopic (near-sighted) an eye progresses, the axial length or size of the eye increases. As an eye becomes larger, the structural and sensory components of the eye (sclera, retina) are forced to stretch to accommodate this increased surface area. This stretching can result in weakening of the ocular tissue and the risk of serious ocular health complications greatly increases later in life.
Myopia Management is one of the newest and most exciting areas in Optometry and eye-care. For many years, the only treatment offered for patients becoming more and more near-sighted was to prescribe stronger prescription glasses and contact lenses and hope that one day the progression will stop.
Our goal at Mount Joy Eye Care is to select a treatment option specific to each patient that is going to best slow or stop their progression of myopia, correct their vision and offer the best quality of life impact in regards to that patient’s needs.
Myopia Management at Mount Joy Eye Care is not simply a single treatment recommendation, but a management plan that encompasses regular monitoring (every 3-6 months) and an evolving strategy based on treatment success and guided by the most recent scientific research and clinical guidelines.